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DCD-K1: Understanding of basic historical, legal, and contemporary issues related to services and the educational approaches used to address the needs of children and youth with developmental cognitive disabilities (DCD).
DCD-K2: Understanding of the origins, basic characteristics, and classifications of DCD.
DCD-K4: Understanding of the sources of unique services, networks, agencies, and organizations for students with DCD.
DCD-K5: Understanding of the services and structures supporting interagency collaboration for students with DCD.
Eligibility for Special Education under the Developmental Cognitive Disabilities Category
Students in Minnesota qualify for special education under the DCD category only if they meet specific eligibility criteria set forth in state rules. To help you understand how an eligibility determination is made, you first need to review the Minnesota Eligibility Criteria for DCD. The Minnesota Rule’s specific subpart defines the criteria from the Minnesota Department of Education’s DCD manual, Promising Practices for the Identification of Individuals with Developmental Cognitive Disabilities (click on the link entitled "Developmental Cognitive Disability Manual" to download this document), starting on page 26:
B. The pupil demonstrates significantly below average general intellectual functioning that is measured by an individually administered, nationally normed test of intellectual ability. For the purposes of this item, "significantly below average general intellectual functioning" means:
Significantly below average general intellectual functioning must be verified through a written summary of results from at least two systematic observations with consideration for culturally relevant information, medical and educational histories, and one or more of the following: supplemental tests of specific abilities, criterion-referenced tests, alternative methods of intellectual assessment, clinical interviews with parents, including family members, if appropriate, or observation and analysis of behavior across multiple environments.
It is important that you remember several key points about eligibility determination:
You may want review the DCD eligibility worksheet suggested in the Promising Practices for the Identification of Individuals with Developmental Cognitive Disabilities manual, starting on page 57, to learn more.
Students who meet these eligibility requirements qualify for special education services and possibly related services. Students can meet eligibility requirements in this area and need only special education services. It is not possible for them to receive related services without special education instruction, however.
Minnesota Department of Education. (2004). Promising practices for the identification of individuals with development disabilities (draft) (Developmental Cognitive Disability Manual). Retrieved March 21, 2007, from http://www.nesc.k12.mn.us/special_ed/manuals/